State legislatures[which?] 5.0 3 votes 3 votes Rate! Religion. This duty extended beyond American borders to include Christian Restorationism. It is sometimes overlooked, but it is important. The Second Great Awakening led to two movements in reform, that is, changing laws and behaviors to make society better. It is not clear why women converted in larger numbers than men. The circuit riders came from among the common people, which helped them establish rapport with the frontier families they hoped to convert. Thus, evangelical converts were leading figures in a variety of 19th century reform movements. [11], On the American frontier, evangelical denominations, especially Methodists and Baptists, sent missionary preachers and exhorters to meet the people in the backcountry in an effort to support the growth of church membership and the formation of new congregations. Conversions and congregations started with the First Great Awakening, resulting in Baptist and Methodist preachers being authorized among slaves and free African Americans more than a decade before 1800. Women made up a large part of these voluntary societies. Lyman Beecher (October 12, 1775 – January 10, 1863) was an important minister during the Second Great Awakening.He was a Presbyterian minister. The Methodists had an efficient organization that depended on itinerant ministers, known as "circuit riders", who sought out people in remote frontier locations. Rate it: Books are not made for furniture, but there is nothing else that so beautifully furnishes a house. 19th Century chromolithograph of a photo of Henry Ward Beecher. Long, Kimberly Bracken. [18] Cane Ridge was also instrumental in fostering what became known as the Restoration Movement, which consisted of non-denominational churches committed to what they viewed as the original, fundamental Christianity of the New Testament. Soon after, the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church (AME Zion) was founded as another denomination in New York City. These often provided the first encounter for some settlers with organized religion, and they were important as social venues. The other was abolitionism, which wanted to end slavery. Daniel Walker Howe, "The Evangelical Movement and Political Culture in the North During the Second Party System", The Journal of American History 77, no. This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 14:32. "The Communion Sermons of James Mcgready: Sacramental Theology and Scots-Irish Piety on the Kentucky Frontier", Meyer, Neil. Whitefield ignited the Great Awakening, a major religious revival that became the first major mass movement in American history. The Methodist Church used circuit riders to reach people in frontier locations. (B) more reliant on women as members and social reformers. Douglas Allen Foster and Anthony L. Dunnavant, Elizabeth J.Clapp, and Julie Roy Jeffrey, ed., Women, Dissent and Anti-slavery in Britain and America, 1790–1865, (Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2011): 13–14, Barbara Welter, "The Feminization of American Religion: 1800–1860," in Clio's Consciousness Raised, edited by Mary S. Hartman and Lois Banner. The people of the Second Great Awakening thought they could bring about a Golden Age in America through religion. [14] Upon their return home, most converts joined or created small local churches, which grew rapidly. Important people involved in the second great awakening 1 See answer Answer 5.0 /5 1. guy1162buu +3 kvargli6h and 3 others learned from this answer It was led by people such as Charles Grandison Finney, Henry Ward Beecher, Lyman Beecher, Edward Everett and Joseph Smith. List the 4 leaders of the Second Great Awakening. (C less socially and theologically diverse. Stone. [41], Protestant religious revival in the early 19th-century United States, George M. Fredrickson, "The Coming of the Lord: The Northern Protestant Clergy and the Civil War Crisis," in. Interest in transforming the world was applied to mainstream political action, as temperance activists, antislavery advocates, and proponents of other variations of reform sought to implement their beliefs into national politics. Like the First Great Awakening a half century earlier, the Second Great Awakening in North America reflected Romanticism characterized by enthusiasm, emotion, and an appeal to the supernatural. Evangelists often directly addressed issues such as slavery, greed, and poverty, laying the groundwork for later reform movements. Young people (those under 25) also converted in greater numbers, and were the first to convert. It was led by people such as Charles Grandison Finney, Henry Ward Beecher, Lyman Beecher, E dward Everett and Joseph Smith. His rhetorical focus on Christ's love has influenced mainstream Christianity to this day. People such as Harriet Beecher Stowe and William Lloyd Garrison wrote books and newspapers about how slavery should stop. Beecher and his peers were greatly influenced by the Second Great Awakening, a Protestant religious revival of the early 1800s, firmly committed to abolishing slavery. The Second Great Awakening, which spread religion through revivals and emotional preaching, sparked a number of reform movements. Beecher attended Amherst College, beginning in 1830, at the peak of what is now known as the Second Great Awakening. It started in upstate New York in the 1790s, but spread to New England and the Midwest. [16][17] Presbyterians and Methodists initially worked together to host the early camp meetings, but the Presbyterians eventually became less involved because of the noise and often raucous activities that occurred during the protracted sessions. The awakening brought comfort in the face of uncertainty as a result of the socio-political changes in America. Beecher was influential in the Second Great Awakening, along with Charles Finney, Barton Stone and Peter Cartwright. Birdsall, Richard D. "The Second Great Awakening and the New England Social Order". [21], The Advent Movement emerged in the 1830s and 1840s in North America, and was preached by ministers such as William Miller, whose followers became known as Millerites. A year later, in August 1801, an even larger sacrament occasion that is generally considered to be America's first camp meeting was held at Cane Ridge in Bourbon County, Kentucky, under Barton W. Stone (1772–1844) with numerous Presbyterian, Baptist, and Methodist ministers participating in the services. – Henry Ward Beecher. The Second Great Awakening, which spread religion through revival meetings and emotional preaching, sparked a number of reform movements. There were also societies that broadened their focus from traditional religious concerns to larger societal ones. The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious movement in the United States. He had 13 children, many of whom became notable people, including Harriet Beecher Stowe, Henry Ward Beecher, Charles Beecher, Edward Beecher, Isabella Beecher Hooker, Catharine Beecher … From the 1850s to the 1880s, Beecher … Members of these groups acted as apostles for the faith, and also as educators and exponents of northeastern urban culture. [32], Women, who made up the majority of converts during the Awakening, played a crucial role in its development and focus. Among the new denominations that grew from the religious ferment of the Second Great Awakening are the Churches of Christ, Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), the Seventh-day Adventist Church, and the Evangelical Christian Church in Canada. Most of the Scots-Irish immigrants before the American Revolutionary War settled in the backcountry of Pennsylvania and down the spine of the Appalachian Mountains in present-day Maryland and Virginia, where Presbyterian emigrants and Baptists held large outdoor gatherings in the years prior to the war. Stephen Meardon, "From Religious Revivals to Tariff Rancor: Preaching Free Trade and Protection during the Second American Party System,". In an effort to give sermons that would resonate with the congregation, ministers stressed Christ's humility and forgiveness, in what the historian Barbara Welter calls a "feminization" of Christianity. They formed political movements, including the Liberty Party, the Free Soil Party and the Republican Party (United States). [37] Through women's positions in these organizations, women gained influence outside of the private sphere. Church membership and religious activity gave women peer support and place for meaningful activity outside the home, providing many women with communal identity and shared experiences. Revivals were a key part of the movement and attracted hundreds of converts to new Protestant denominations. In addition to his own achievements, Beecher fathered 13 children, several of whom had significant … Thanks Comments; Report They did not stem entirely from the Second Great Awakening, but the revivalist doctrine and the expectation that one's conversion would lead to personal action accelerated the role of women's social benevolence work. The common people, although the exact number of reform movements sacramental theology Scots-Irish... His sons, including Henry Ward Beecher, Nathaniel W. Taylor, and Asahel Nettleton needed Another... Simple English Wikipedia, the religious climate in the newly settled frontier regions, the change... 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